Is there a significant body of knowledge already available about your subject that allows you to make a prediction about the results of your study before you begin?
This information can be obtained without the need to collect unique data. The type of research question will influence the research design. The question could be answered with a simple online search and does not provide an opportunity for analysis.
Generally the script for a predictive question follows this formula: Used to analyze and investigate a topic. Writing Research Questions and Hypotheses Research Questions and Hypotheses The purpose of this module is to discuss research questions and research hypotheses and to provide definitions, comparisons and examples of both.
Commonly used in quantitative research, but not qualitative research which often seeks answers to open-ended questions.
Some of these starting phrases are highlighted in blue text in the examples below: Quantitative questions rely on an independent variable or one that remains writing a quantitative research question same the students reading the eBook, in the example above. It is important that one of those variables is an independent variable IV.
Avoid words or terms that do not add to the meaning of RQs and Hs. The following video may be helpful in learning how to choose appropriate keywords and search online databases: The following sections further describe research questions and hypotheses and provide examples of each.
Take the following examples: Provide examples of research questions and research hypotheses.
It is always written as a statement and should be developed before any data is collected. Question "b" is too broad; it implies that the researcher will cover many tactics for reducing juvenile delinquency that could be used throughout the country.
Sometimes, the dependent variable needs to be broken into two parts around the group s you are interested in so that the research question flows.
When deciding whether the dependent variable or group s should be included first or last, and whether the dependent variable should be broken into two parts, the main thing you need to think about is flow: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative.
This question is more complex and requires both investigation and evaluation which will lead the research to form an argument that may be discussed. The first two examples highlight that while the name of the dependent variable is the same, namely daily calorific intake, the way that this dependent variable is written out differs in each case.
Therefore, when you think about constructing your descriptive research question, make sure you have included any words that provide greater context to your question.
Is the research question too broad or too narrow? Identify your dependent and independent variables from the data groups you are interested in. If this study shows that there is a positive correlation, we might want to ask an additional question that will explain the reasons for this association e.
To what extent can X predict Y? When a relationship is expected among a certain type of subject, reference the population. You need to identify this group s. Use of the top 5 social networks What proportion of British male and female university students use the top 5 social networks? Among young children, there is a positive relationship between level of psychomotor coordination and degree of self-esteem.
In the first example, the research question is not simply interested in the daily calorific intake of American men and women, but what percentage of these American men and women exceeded their daily calorific allowance.
The next step is to do preliminary research on the general topic to find out what research has already been done and what literature already exists.
How to choose a good scientific problem. Contact us at Learning. Or is your research more exploratory and investigative in nature and will require that you collect data and analyze results before drawing any conclusions?
Often called relationship research questions. This is too narrow because it can be answered with a simple statistic. Generally the script for a descriptive question follows this formula: But remember, any new question s that arise should be undertaken separately from your first study.Writing Good Qualitative Research Questions Posted on May 5, September 9, by Gavin Davie Got a great handout a while back that I stumbled over today, hopefully it’s as helpful to you as it was to me.
Planning My Research Question or Hypothesis – This resources contains a link to a PowerPoint presentation and a series of tutorials that contain examples and tips for writing research questions and hypotheses. A research question is the fundamental core of a research project, study, or review of literature.
It focuses the study, determines the methodology, and guides all stages of inquiry, analysis, and reporting.
Research Questions and Hypotheses - This book chapter takes an in-depth look at the principles used to design and write research questions and hypotheses for qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research and describes the differences in approaches based upon the type of research.
A quantitative research question is usually followed by a hypothesis — this is a prediction of what we think our study will find; a statement that answers the initial speculative research question.
In quantitative research, you usually work with at least two variables. Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques.
Quantitative research focuses on gathering.Download